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Basic strategy in blackjack

The basic strategy in blackjack is a table that shows the player’s optimal actions depending on their cards and the dealer’s up card. This strategy is developed based on mathematical calculations and helps players maximize their chances of winning.

Here is an example of a basic strategy in table format:

basic strategy


H – “Take” (Hit)

S – “Stand”

D – “Double down” (Double down)

This is just a basic example, and the strategy may vary depending on the rules of the game (such as the ability to split cards), the number of decks in play, and other factors. Using a basic strategy helps reduce the dealer edge and increase your chances of winning in the long run.

The secret of basic strategy in blackjack is to make optimal decisions in each situation based on mathematical calculations of the probabilities of winning or losing. Here are the key aspects that make a basic strategy effective:

Mathematically justified decisions: The basic strategy is developed on the basis of probability analysis and mathematical calculations. It is optimized to minimize the dealer’s edge and maximize the player’s chances on a long-term basis.

Accounting for all possible card combinations: The basic strategy takes into account not only your cards, but also the dealer’s exposed card. This allows you to make informed decisions based on the current situation on the table.

Optimum use of doubling and splitting opportunities: Basic strategy also includes recommendations for using doubling and splitting card opportunities to maximize potential winnings in advantageous situations.

Minimizing losses in difficult situations: In some cases, a player may find himself in a difficult situation where the probability of winning is small. The basic strategy helps to minimize losses in such situations by making the most profitable decisions.

Sticking to the strategy in the long run: Although there may be losses in the short run, by following the basic strategy, the player increases his chances of long-term success by reducing the dealer’s advantage.

It is important to understand that the basic strategy does not guarantee a win in every game, but it helps to maximize the chances of success and reduce the mathematical advantage of the casino.

In single-deck blackjack, the number of deals depends on how many cards remain in the deck after each deal and how many cards are used in each hand.

Typically, 52 cards are used in single-deck blackjack. After each deal, the number of cards in the deck will decrease. After all the cards have been dealt, the deck will be shuffled and the game will continue.

For simplicity, let’s assume that in each hand, 2 cards are dealt to each player and dealer. This means that 4 cards are used in each hand. So the number of hands in single deck blackjack would be approximately 52 cards/4 cards per hand = 13 hands.

However, it is worth noting that in the real game, the number of hands may vary slightly due to some factors, such as the moment of shuffling the deck in the middle of the game or the possibility of the player dealing cards.

!But casinos usually have methods of detecting a player’s use of basic strategy in blackjack. They can use different methods to determine how much a player follows or deviates from a basic strategy:

Dealers and observers at the casino can observe the game and notice whether players are making typical moves that are predicted by the basic strategy or making decisions that deviate from it.

Some casinos use video surveillance that records the gameplay. This allows the casino to view the players’ play and analyze their decisions in the future.

Casinos may use player move data to analyze their gaming behavior. For example, they can track how often players take cards in certain situations, double bets, or stay.

Use of automatic card recognition systems:  Some casinos may use specialized card recognition systems to automatically analyze players’ gaming behavior and determine whether they are following a basic strategy.

If the casino finds that players are too often guided by the basic strategy, they can take measures such as reducing the betting limits for such players or even banning them from playing at the casino.